The FIDO Alliance
Brett McDowell is the Executive Director of the FIDO Alliance, the organization he helped establish in 2012 to remove the world’s dependency on passwords through open standards for strong authentication. Mr. McDowell manages the strategic direction of the FIDO Alliance and coordinates its liaison activities with numerous external industry groups, standards bodies and government agencies worldwide. Previously, Mr. McDowell was Head of Ecosystem Security at PayPal, where he developed strategies, lead initiatives, and spearheaded their authentication strategy to make the Internet safer for PayPal and their customers. He and his team drove several open standards and won a CSO40 award for innovation in authentication. Mr. McDowell has held several leadership positions including founding Management Council Chairman for the NSTIC IDESG, co-founder and Chairman of DMARC.org, Treasurer for the National Cyber Security Alliance, Secretary for StopBadWare.org, and Vice President for FIDO Alliance. Prior to joining PayPal in 2010, Mr. McDowell managed a number of IEEE-ISTO initiatives, serving as Executive Director for Kantara Initiative, Liberty Alliance Project, and VoiceXML Forum. Mr. McDowell has extensive industry standards experience having worked with IETF, ISO, ITU-T, ANSI, OASIS, W3C, IEEE and the ETSI ICT Standards Board.
Product Management Director, Information Security, Google
Sam Srinivas is Product Management Director, Information Security at Google and is responsible for various external and internal security initiatives. His team leads Google’s existing and new products in consumer strong authentication, such as 2-step verification, and he works in close coordination with Google’s Identity team. Prior to Google, Mr. Srinivas was Chief Technologist in the Security Business Unit at Juniper Networks. He came to Juniper through the $400M acquisition of a startup he co-founded, Neoteris, which established the SSL-VPN remote access category. Earlier, Mr. Srinivas was at Healtheon (WebMD), Microsoft Research and Rockwell. Mr. Srinivas has a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford University.
FIDO Alliance Co-Founder, Vice-President
Founder, Nok Nok Labs
As the Founder of Nok Nok Labs, Ramesh Kesanupalli brings to the company more than two decades of public and private sector IT security experience. Mr. Kesanupalli is responsible for the company’s vision and broad industry relationships. Mr. Kesanupalli previously served as the Chief Technology Officer of Validity Sensors where he was responsible for software direction, strategy, alliances and strategic business development. It was during this time at Validity Sensors that Mr. Kesanupalli first had discussions with Michael Barrett (CISO of PayPal) and Taher Elgamal (inventor of SSL) on the core concepts for what would eventually become the FIDO specifications. He has also held senior management roles at Phoenix Technologies, Object Connect, Telsima, Inc. (formerly Kinera) and Network 24, which was acquired by Akamai. Mr. Kesanupalli holds patents in wireless middle tier software systems and is the author of several authentication patents. He has a Bachelor’s Degree in Electronics Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology, India, and a Bachelor’s Degree in Physics from Nagarjuna University, India.
Vice President, Field Marketing, Payment, North America, Oberthur Technologies
At Oberthur Technologies, Philip Andreae, Vice President, Field Marketing, Payment, North America, provides clients an in-depth understanding of EMV and what it takes to introduce EMV in the U.S. He supports all of Oberthur Technologies’ EMV business development efforts and compliments and further expands and defines the company’s EMV offer in order to meet new requirements merging in the U.S. Over the last 20+ years, Mr. Andreae has been actively involved in the payment industry and the evolution of EMV. While at Europay International, he was the executive responsible for driving the creation of the consortium that developed the EMV specification. At Visa Canada, Mr. Andreae was a primary catalyst in the country’s migration to EMV. He helped define American Express’ global acquiring and issuing of EMV contact, contactless, and mobile strategies and provided management consulting and subject matter expertise in the fields of EMV, mobile, and card payments at Accenture. Mr. Andreae successfully operated as a strategic consultant in both Europe and North America and worked with clients such as AT&T, Canadian Tire, Lowe’s, Verifone, and IBM.
Distinguished Engineer, Executive Director of Software & Systems Security, Lenovo
Joe Pennisi has established a substantial reputation for his Personal Computer technical expertise over the past 25 years. Since joining IBM in 1991, he has held technical leadership positions in desktop system development, software development and system and software security. He is currently a Distinguished Engineer within Lenovo’s Ecosystem & Cloud Services business and owns responsibility for developing and driving Lenovo’s Security strategy for its Personal Computer and Windows Ecosystem & Cloud Services businesses. His expertise spans multiple knowledge domains within the PC industry, from his foundation of system design experience in hardware, ASICs, logic boards and BIOS, to system manufacturing and system service, application software architecture, development and processes. Throughout these activities he lead many of the security initiatives in both hardware and software – from developing IBM’s first pluggable TPM designs, to driving all IBM/Lenovo commercial fingerprint initiatives since first introduced in ThinkPad in 2004. He continues to influence and drive security into products from hardware to BIOS to software. His presence in FIDO as a founding Board member can be traced back to his first introduction to the concept in 2010, and is driven by his recognition of how this standard benefits the entire on-line authentication ecosystem.
Senior Security Adviser, Global Information Security, Aetna
Abbie Barbir is a member of Aetna Global Information Security where he serves as a Senior Security Advisor in the areas of Identity Management, Mobile devices and Authentication. Mr. Barbir has extensive experience in identity and access management. He has worked with many standard organizations on developing next generation authentication technologies. Mr. Barbir holds a Ph.D. in Computer Engineering from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, USA. In his more than 25 years in the software and security industry, he has been a professor of Computer Science, an application developer, data compression and encryption inventor, systems architect, security architect, engineering manager, consultant, author, and inventor of numerous security algorithms and articles.
Partner Director of Program Management for Enterprise & Security, Windows and Devices Group, Microsoft
Rob Lefferts, Partner Director of Program Management for Enterprise & Security in the Windows and Devices Group at Microsoft, leads the team responsible for the commercial experience and the end-to-end security of Windows 10, helping to make certain that everyone that uses Windows 10 is as productive and protected as possible. Mr. Lefferts began his tenure at Microsoft 19 years ago working on the original core team for SharePoint Portal Server and prior to his current role, led the Office Extensibility team, responsible for the Office platform across clients, servers and services. Mr. Lefferts holds a BS and MS from Carnegie Mellon in Pittsburgh, PA. He lives in Washington state with his wife and their two children.
Board Member Representatives
Senior Director of Technology, RSA
Kayvan Alikhani is senior director of technology at RSA. Prior to joining RSA in 2013, he was co-founder and CEO of PassBan (acquired by RSA in 2013), a company focused on mobile security & identity. Before starting PassBan, Mr. Alikhani was CEO of LiteScape Technologies, where he led the company’s strategy and roadmap for 9 years, creating solutions in the fields of VOIP security and mobile collaboration. Mr. Alikhani joined LiteScape from BeNotified (MagNetPoint) Software, a mobile communication solution provider which he had co-founded and served as CTO. Mr. Alikhani also co-founded and was VP of Engineering of AVIRNEX, an international provider of enhanced fixed and mobile communication services. Earlier, he served in product development roles at Microsoft and Siemens. With 25+ years of experience in software product development, Mr. Alikhani serves as technical board advisor to multiple high-tech companies in the Silicon Valley. Mr. Alikhani has a Bachelor degree in Electrical Engineering.
Regional Marketing & Business Development Manager, Infineon Technologies Americas Corporation
Michael Armentrout is Regional Marketing & Business Development Manager for Embedded Security Products in North America for Infineon Technologies. He is responsible for security microcontrollers sold for consumer product authentication, IoT security, and mobile security. Mr. Armentrout has 20 years’ experience in the semiconductor industry and has held product management roles in the wireless and security products industries. He has a BS in Electrical Engineering from Virginia Tech and an MBA from Portland State University.
Assistant Vice President, Enterprise Security Group, USAA
Wil Bennett is Assistant Vice President, Enterprise Security Group, responsible for developing and driving member-focused authentication and analytics strategies for USAA. Mr. Bennett’s career includes over 20 years of experience in leadership roles in network engineering, information security and fraud prevention. Mr. Bennett holds a baccalaureate degree from The University of Texas at San Antonio and a Masters of Business Administration degree with a concentration in Electronic Commerce from Colorado Technical University. He is also a Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP).
VP, Global Ecosystem Development, Fingerprint Cards
David Burnett is Fingerprint Cards’ Vice President for Global Ecosystem Development, where he focuses on accelerating the adoption of biometric authentication for new markets, platforms and use cases through his work with customers, partners and standards bodies. He brings a distinct perspective on biometric authentication that is tempered by his front-line experience evangelizing and implementing internet-scale mobile biometric authentication frameworks for devices and cloud-based services. Previously while at Nok Nok Labs, Mr. Burnett played pivotal roles in founding and driving expansion of the FIDO (Fast Identity Online) Alliance and was vital to many of the ground-breaking launches of devices and services using FIDO-integrated biometrics. Highlights include his involvement in the integration and launch of the first FIDO-enabled Android smartphone (Samsung Galaxy S5), the first FIDO-enabled payment service (PayPal), the first FIDO-enabled TEE (Qualcomm) and the first mobile network operator (NTT DOCOMO). Underpinning his expertise in biometric authentication on mobile devices is a deep foundation in security, cryptography and identity best practices developed during his leadership positions at both PGP Corporation and Symantec from 2002 through 2011. Mr. Burnett’s strong sense of how to evangelize, productize and ship innovative technology stretches back more than 20 years, beginning with a software engineering consulting firm he founded in 1992 and led for 10 years. Mr. Burnett is an alumnus of the Stanford Graduate School of Business and lives in the San Francisco Bay Area with his wife and two daughters.
Senior Vice President, FinTech Division, BC Card Co., Ltd.
Junghoon Choi is Senior Vice President at BC Card. He is in charge of FinTech Division, which develops new technologies for payments and authentication and develops new business models. Prior to BC Card, Mr. Choi worked for A.T. Kearney as a Senior Partner and Hyundai Card and Kookmin Card. Mr. Choi also works as an Outside Director at FinTech Center which is operated by Korean government and does FinTech Open Innovation and Start-up Incubation. He received an MBA degree from the George Washington University (Washington, D.C.) and is a Financial Risk Manager (FRM).
Identity Evangelist, Yubico
At Yubico, John Fontana focuses on the evolution of authentication and cultivating awareness around emerging standards-based authentication options that present security and privacy enhancements for both enterprises and individuals. In addition, he uses his media and social media expertise to spread understanding of identity and strong authentication and how they improve online security. He uses all he’s learned to tell stories about great technology, to build relationships and to earn trust. His goal is to make businesses and organizations smarter about technology’s benefits with the belief that smart people will encourage smart products. Mr. Fontana spent the first 12 years of his career in the newspaper business only to discover the Internet in the early 90s, where he realized that newspapers had become “yesterday’s news on your doorstep today.” He spent the next 15 years reporting/writing/publishing in print and online for tech publications, where he focused on enterprise topics including collaboration, directories, network infrastructure, databases, open source, ERP and security. He covered IBM, Microsoft, Cisco, Oracle, Red Hat, Google, and countless startups – many of which exploded when the first tech bubble burst. His work has appeared in the New York Times, CNN, CIO, Mashable, and the Huffington Post. He continues to pen the Identity Matters blog on ZDNet. In the summer, you’ll find him climbing mountains on his bicycle. In the winter, you’ll find him skimo racing in the high mountains of Colorado or adventure racing up and down a frozen stratovolcano in northwest New Mexico.
Vice President and CTO, Vasco Data Security
Benoit Grangé serves as Vice President and CTO of VASCO Data Security, where he sets the vision and leads execution of the global product strategy, manages product development and R&D strategies and processes, and advises the company on strategic alliance partnerships and M&A activities. Mr. Grangé has been with VASCO since 1999, and prior to his current role, has held positions of Director of Software Development and R&D Manager for VASCO. In these roles, he has driven the development of new solutions to address new market needs; developed key OEM partnerships; structured and led R&D teams; defined, established and supervised global and local strategies for product design and development; and established and managed VASCO’s international R&D centers across EMEA and APAC. Prior to VASCO, Mr. Grangé was a lead engineer at DMIC, where he was responsible for designing, specifying and developing new software products in authentication, including Secret Key Exchange tools and OTP-based Single Sign On. Mr. Grangé’s extensive technical and product management skills cover the entire software life cycle, and software skills include Secret and Public Key Infrastructure, TCP/IP socket programming, EMV-CAP, Hardware Security Modules. Mr. Grangé holds a Master’s Degree in Mathematics from University of Bordeaux.
Steven L. Grobman
Intel Fellow, Chief Technology Officer, Intel Security Group at Intel Corporation
Steve Grobman is an Intel Fellow and the Chief Technology Officer with the Intel Security Group at Intel Corporation. In this role, Mr. Grobman sets the technical strategy and direction for the company’s security business across hardware and software platforms, including McAfee and Intel’s other security assets. Mr. Grobman joined Intel in 1994 as an architect in IT and has served in a variety of senior technical leadership positions during his Intel career. Before assuming his current role in late 2014, he spent a year as chief technology officer for the Intel Security Platform division and prior to that spent 2 years as CTO for Intel technologies at Intel’s McAfee subsidiary to integrate security technology from the two companies. In prior roles, Mr. Grobman served as chief security technologist for the Intel® Atom™ processor system-on-chip design group and spent 7 years as chief architect for Intel® vPro™ technology platforms. In the latter position, he led work on the solutions architecture that resulted in a business platform with unique hardware-based management and security capabilities. Before joining Intel, Mr. Grobman spent 4 years at IBM as a solutions programmer and developer. Mr. Grobman has published a number of technical papers and books and holds 20 U.S. and international patents in the fields of security, software and computer architecture, with another approximately 20 patents pending. He is also the recipient of two Intel Achievement Awards, the first earned in 2005 for the invention, initial architecture and strategy of the first PC embedded appliance; and the second in 2007 for the success of the Intel vPro technology platform. Mr. Grobman earned his bachelor’s degree in computer science from North Carolina State University.
Senior Business Leader, Identity Solutions, MasterCard Global
Ashfaq Kamal is a Senior Business Leader , Identity Solutions at MasterCard Global, where he is responsible for Product Strategy, Product Architecture and Development of innovative cardholder authentication solutions that deliver strong security and seamless consumer experience for MasterCard cardholders and Issuers. Mr. Kamal’s career spanned many years in engineering, technology strategy, and new product development roles within the smart card and telecom industries. Prior to joining MasterCard, Mr. Kamal worked for Verizon Wireless, where he led the development and deployment of a new generation of mobile devices and services for Verizon Wireless, focusing on such areas as mobile payments, biometrics, near-field communication, and device security.
Vice President of Security R&D, Samsung Mobile Communications, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Henry Lee is in charge of overall product security at Samsung Mobile. His global team handles security engineering, threat analysis, security and privacy impact assessment, incident response, and security certification. Prior to joining Samsung Mobile, Dr. Lee worked for the provincial government of British Columbia on various projects including the BC Services Card, Pan-Canadian strategy for identity management and authentication and the government’s annual information security program. Prior to the public sector career, he founded two technology ventures specialized in information security technologies. He was also involved in the development of the first commercial CDMA mobile comunication system in 1990s. He received a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Cambridge (U.K.). He is a certified information systems security professional (CISSP), a certified information security manager (CISM), and a professional engineer (PEng) in software engineering.
Managing Director, Egis Technology USA
Mike Ling is currently the Managing Director of the USA site at Egis Technology Inc. and is responsible for expanding Egis’ fingerprint IC and solutions into the North American market. Mr. Ling started out as an engineer, serving both Intel Oregon and IBM Taiwan during his time and then transitioned to multimedia solutions and now biometric industry. During Mr. Ling’s time in the multimedia solutions industry, he has worked at InterVideo (WinDVD maker), STM, and various Intel enabling regional Host-Based multimedia and DVD solutions including Cyberlink. Mr. Ling holds a Master Degree of Computer Science from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo and a Bachelor Degree of Computer Science from the National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan.
Kevin J. Lynch
Senior Manager, Biometric Products Division, Synaptics
Kevin Lynch is the Strategic Marketing senior manager in the Biometric Products Division at Synaptics. In this role he leads long-term initiatives to introduce biometric technology to new consumer markets. He has represented Synaptics since 2014 on multiple FIDO groups including FIDO-U2F, FIDO-UAF, FIDO-2, Certification, Security Requirements and Biometrics Assurance. Prior to Synaptics, Mr. Lynch operated a consulting practice focusing on technology start-up companies, technology transfer and licensing of intellectual property. While at Lucent Technologies and Agere Systems, he served as Board representative and VP of the USB-IF and created new semiconductor products lines for USB, Firewire and consumer media technology. Early in his 35 year career Mr. Lynch became a founding member of companies focused on the emerging PCMCIA and VMEbus. He is an inventor with three issued US Patents and holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science from Binghamton University.
Dr. Giridhar D. (Giri) Mandyam
Head of Standards for Qualcomm Innovation Center (QuIC)
Dr. Giridhar D. (Giri) Mandyam is Head of Standards for Qualcomm Innovation Center (QuIC), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Inc. He has also worked at Rockwell International, Texas Instruments and Nokia. In addition to being QuIC’s Advisory Committee representative to the Worldwide Web Consortium (W3C), he is Chair of the W3C Geolocation Working Group. He is also Chair of the S34-3 Ad Hoc Group on Presentation Logic and Service Frameworks for the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). Dr. Mandyam is inventor or co-inventor of more than thirty issued patents. He has also published over 75 conference and journal papers, and 5 book chapters. He is a co-author of the text Third-Generation CDMA Systems for Enhanced Data Services (Academic Press, 2002). He is also a Senior Member of the IEEE and has been a member of the editorial board of the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications.
Vice President Security Strategy Architecture and Engineering, American Express
At American Express, Upendra Mardikar is responsible for developing strategic security architecture and providing engineering guidance for advanced security solutions, while taking a risk-based approach to developing and driving the maturity of Information Security-as-a Service across the enterprise. He has a strong blend of business and technical expertise, and offers great leadership, insight, and next-generation solutions for advancing American Express’s organizational goals. Prior to joining American Express, he worked for Visa, where he successfully championed Security Development practices and was responsible for all aspects of security architecture and engineering for their Digital and Mobile Initiatives. Mr. Mardikar previously worked for PayPal where he held global responsibility for security architecture and engineering for all www.paypal.com initiatives, and secured numerous enterprise initiatives. His technical and professional experience spans more than 22 years, and encompasses leadership and chief technology officer positions in the financial services and computer industries. Mr. Mardikar is a certified CISSP, CSSLP, and ISSAP, and holds an MBA from Santa Clara University and a BE in Computer Science from VNIT India with the highest honors. With 65 patents to his credit, he is an expert in payments and information security with deep expertise in cloud and mobile.
Senior Director of Product Innovation, Product Department, NTT DOCOMO, INC.
Mr. Moriyama is Senior Director of Product Innovation, Product Department at NTT DOCOMO, INC. and responsible for the innovation of its devices and platform software. He is also responsible for the partnerships that support NTT DOCOMO’s innovation goals, including those related to FIDO standards. Mr. Moriyama has previously held positions with Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications, Inc. and Sony Corporation, received his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from Keio University, and was a visiting research scholar at Georgia Institute of Technology while he was at Sony Corporation.
Vice–President & General Manager, NXP Semiconductors
Mr. Nassar is general manager of Authentication product lines focused on anti-counterfeit and cyber security application markets. Before joining NXP Semiconductors, Mr. Nassar held key executive positions in the high tech industry, among them, General Manager of the Advanced Solution Group at Renesas and Managing Director of Segments & Strategic Marketing for Hitachi and Managing Director of Schlumberger’s now Gemalto telecom smart cards and systems, and founded a number of startup companies in the Silicon Valley.
Lead Architect for Identity and Access Management, ING Bank
Matthieu Nunnink is the Lead Architect for Identity and Access Management at ING Bank. He is responsible for the architecture and implementation of the various IAM services (Identity, Authentication, Authorization, and Cryptography). In addition to this role, he is ING Bank’s representative on the FIDO Alliance Board of Directors, which aims to simplify online authentication. Prior to this role he has held several positions in online banking, innovation, security and infrastructure. Mr. Nunnink received his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from the University of Amsterdam. More information can be found on his LinkedIn profile: nl.linkedin.com/in/mnunnink
Director, CrucialTec USA Inc.
Mr. Park is responsible for new business incubation including bio-medical products, developing strategic partnerships, and marketing new IT-related products. Prior to CrucialTec, Mr. Park worked at SK Teletech and Pantech Co. Ltd., holding key roles in mobile product planning and also worked at Pantech’s Atlanta HQ as a sales & marketing representative.
Director, Risk and Authentication Products, VISA Inc.
Dinah Sloan is a director in Risk and Authentication Products at Visa, focused on developing specifications and standards for EMV payment solutions. She is actively involved in developing new authentication solutions that optimize the consumer experience while minimizing fraud losses. She also represents Visa within EMVCo. Ms. Sloan has been architecting EMV chip technology solutions for Visa since 2003. Prior to joining Visa, Ms. Sloan designed LAN hardware for AT&T, and was a Strategic Partner Relations Manager at Bay Networks. Ms. Sloan has a B.S. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from UC Berkeley.
SVP, Customer Protection Strategy Digital Banking, Bank of America
Liz Votaw is Senior Vice President, Customer Protection Strategy, responsible for developing and driving customer-focused strategies to deliver secure and convenient banking for Bank of America customers. Ms. Votaw’s career includes many years of leadership positions at Bank of America in operations, fraud prevention, risk and innovation. She also held a position at GE Capital leading Six Sigma implementation. She is a certified Six Sigma Black Belt and holds an MBA from University of Maryland’s Robert H. Smith School of Business.
Conor White is President of IdentityX and member of the Board of Directors of Daon Group. He brings to bear over 18 years of experience innovating and leading identification management technologies such as the development of biometrics, smart cards, electronic payments, PKI, information security and e-business infrastructure. Mr. White joined Daon in 2001 as Chief Technology Officer. In this role he drove the company’s strategic technical direction and vision resulting in development of groundbreaking identity assurance solutions. Expansion of this critical arena led to formation of the Daon business division IdentityX, of which Mr. White was appointed to lead as president. Mr. White is a respected speaker at international biometric and human authentication conferences and also serves on various technology standards boards both in the U.S. and abroad. In addition, he is an accomplished technology inventor with 13 existing patents in the area of biometric authentication on smart, mobile devices. Mr. White’s leadership contributions were instrumental in another notable technology development: one of the world’s first open-standards-based multi-biometric authentication programs. Mr. White began his track record in leading technology innovation as Chief Architect and Engineering Manager at Digital Equipment Corporation’s global partner eCommerce Systems. He later he served as Engineering Manager at CardBASE Technologies. Mr. White holds a B.S. in Computer Applications and an M.S. in Computer Science from Cork Institute of Technology. He is also a graduate of the Executive Leadership Program at Stanford University Graduate School of Business.
Managing Director of International Business, Feitian Technologies
Tibi Zhang is the Managing Director of Feitian International Business. In this role, she is responsible for driving strategic direction, business development, and overseas market expansion for Feitian’s entire portfolio across the spectrum of online banking, PKI initiatives, multi-factor authentication, mobile security and payment, cloud authentication server, EMV innovation payment solution, powered card with display, BLE connection and biometric authentication, and the ongoing evolution of FIDO authentication through best-of-breed security hardware, software and services. She has worked with Tier-one service providers and leading enterprises across the globe to deliver innovation, value and growth to Feitian’s valued customers and partners. Ms. Tibi holds a Master Degree of Information Systems Engineering from University of Manchester in UK.
Standardization Director, Alibaba
Judy Zhu is the Standardization Director of Alibaba and is a senior expert in security. She leads a team responsible for Alibaba’s security standard, E-commerce and financial standard, infrastructure standard and IoT standard etc. Ms. Zhu has 15 years of professional experience in standardization and telecommunications. She is an Advisory Board Member of the W3C and the Operator Area Director of ONF. She is an advisor of the China National Information Technology Standardization Committee. She served as the 3GPP TSG SA3 Vice Chairperson from 2013-2014, Vice Chairperson of the CCSA TC5 WG5 from 2002 to 2008, Vice Chairperson of the CCSA TC8 WG4 since the beginning of 2010, and was the NGMN P-SEC security project leader from 2008 to 2009.
Ms. Zhu joined Bell-labs in 2001 and worked there for seven years. From 2008-2014 she was employed by Alcatel-Lucent, and then from 2008-2014, she worked for China Mobile. She joined Alibaba in 2014.